Page 3 - Bringing Back Tigers to Mukundara
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Though many of the earth’s
magnificent species are yet to be

discovered, there are several which
are on the verge of extinction.

C limate change and biodiversity losses are the two most crucial factors affecting
the globe. It is believed that 8.7 million species of plants and animals can be found
on earth. Though many of the earth’s magnificent species are yet to be discovered,
there are several which are on the verge of extinction. Industrial pollution, unsustainable
hunting, illegal logging, creation of farmlands, and industrial sites out of wild areas
are some of the reasons for the loss of biodiversity. Poor forest management and
unsustainable fuelwood collection degrade forests, and affect the biodiversity of a region.
Presently, humans are solely responsible for the mass extinction of biodiversity. In
the last decade, the number of tigers has decreased by 97 per cent. ‘Bringing Back Tigers
to Mukundara: Understanding Reserve Management in the Hills’ is this month’s cover
story. It discusses the behavioural ecology of tigers in the Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve,
Rajasthan’s recently established tiger reserve. Suggestions have been given for the successful
management of the reserve. The wildlife article throws light on the various aspects of the
Great Indian Bustard. Once found in vast regions covering Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar
Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu, today its home
has got restricted to the Thar Desert in Rajasthan and in small, isolated areas in Gujarat and
Andhra Pradesh. Its cousins the Bengal Florican and the Lesser Florican are also staring at an
uncertain future.
Packaging waste is another grave concern worldwide. Paper, paperboard, glass, and
plastics contribute the most to this problem. The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
suggests that the annual per capita consumption of plastic in India would be 20 kg by 2022.
Reduce, reuse, recycle have been on the consumers’ minds for decades to tackle the issue
of packaging waste. The special report of the month explains how the beverage industry
has been trying to transform the beverage carton recycling landscape in India by pooling
resources to build an efficient waste management ecosystem. New packaging materials,
efficient and minimal packaging design, ‘smart packaging’ solutions, and increasing
compostable content in the overall packaging segment are impacting the recyclability
possibilities and reuse aspects in the beverage carton recycling.
Year after year, we witness fires burning billions of hectares of forests globally. Particularly
vulnerable are degraded forests. In 2019, we saw the world’s largest rainforests going
up in flames. It is estimated that 4500 km of the Brazilian Amazon have been burnt and
deforested from 2017 to 2019. These fires have increased pollutants such as carbon dioxide,
carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, and aerosols. While we struggle with outdoor air pollution,
we tend to forget that indoor air pollution is also a serious health concern for people. The
TERRA Youth story highlights the urgent need for devising strategies to combat health
hazards of indoor air pollution, and suggests possible preventive measures.

Ajay Mathur
Director General, TERI
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